The Neolithic period ushered in dramatic changes in the form of civilisations with large populations, advancements in technology, arts and trade. But with the advent of agriculture, humans also began to experience malnutrition, starvation and epidemic diseases. One of the biggest transitions in human history is the transition from hunting and gathering to herding and cereal agriculture.
The following paper addresses some of the drastic effects of the agricultural transition as evidenced by craniofacial changes related to masticatory function, declines in oral health, increased spread of pathogens and infectious disease, as well as a variety of ailments which have been linked to nutritional deficiencies and increased physical stress on the human body.
Human Health and the Neolithic Revolution